What is a sterilization autoclave?
This short article is an introduction to the basic selection of sterilization autoclaves. It defines this type of equipment, summarizes the varieties available and discuss the preliminary problems to cope with in specification and design of sterilization autoclaves.
Author: Mascherpa, Vittorio.
Cycle development
Book chapter - Steam Sterilization: A Practitioner’s Guide (Ch.11)
Author: Korczynski, Michael S. . Moldenhauer, Jeanne.
Product Stability Issues
Book chapter - Steam Sterilization: A Practitioner’s Guide (Ch.23)
Author: Moldenhauer, Jeanne.
Principles of sterilization - From A to Z
Sterilization is a critical process in the pharmaceutical industry for the control of microbial populations. While most prevalent in the manufacture of sterile products it can be used in a variety of settings where microbes have potential impact on patients or products. Sterilization really isn’t that difficult, but inattention to science through excess criteria and constraints can make it an onerous task.
Author: Agalloco, James.
Transient overheating in empty autoclave
The transient overheat in empty autoclave chambers is a phenomenon that frequently occurs during validation studies. This article by Italian sterilization practitioner Vittorio Mascherpa investigates the main causes of it and suggests some methods to prevent it or to cope with it. The article also includes a useful table of superheating effects due to adiabatic isenthalpic expansion of saturated steam (i.e. in ideal conditions).
Author: Mascherpa, Vittorio.
Highlights on F0
This paper summarizes the concept of F0 and its related parameters (D, z). Essential notions on sterilization kinetics are explained. The idea of physical and biological “equivalent time” is presented and its application in moist-heat sterilization processes is discussed.
Author: Mascherpa, Vittorio.
Current USP Perspectives on Sterilization & Sterility Assurance
Sterilization, Sterility Assurance & Sterility Testing. What’s on the Horizon?
Author: Agalloco, James.


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Useful and detailed technical information regarding sterilization, bio-decontamination and cleaning processes. We aim to share our passion and knowledge providing valuable information for a better understanding of technologies, processes and equipment currently available in the market. This way, we hope to enhance good manufacturing practices and shape innovation.

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